Improving crops

Enhancing yam breeding for increased productivity and improved quality in West Africa

  • October 16, 2020

An IITA-led project called AfricaYam involves a network of research organizations in the four leading producer countries of the West Africa yam belt: the National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) and the Ebonyi State University (EBSU) in Nigeria; two research institutes under the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in Ghana (the Crops Research Institute and the Savanna Agricultural Research Institute; le Centre National de Recherche Agronomique (CNRA), Côte d'Ivoire; and l' Université d'Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Dassa Center, Benin. Key research organizations outside...

Read more

Tropical Legumes III

  • October 16, 2020

The Tropical Legumes III - Improving Livelihoods for Smallholder Farmers: Enhanced Grain Legume Productivity and Production in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia (TLIII) was implemented by IITA, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), and International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) from 2015 to 2019 in collaboration with national partners in seven African countries and a state in India. The project had three complementary research components of (a) development of improved varieties, (b) improvement of crop breeding programs’ capacity, and (c) establishment...

Read more

Modernizing cowpea breeding in West Africa

  • October 16, 2020

Cowpea is an important grain legume crop grown in sub-Saharan Africa which produces 90% of the annual global production of 6.5 million metric tons. The crop experiences multiple biotic and abiotic stresses that considerably limit its production. IITA and national partners in the region have bred varieties tolerant of several of these stresses. There are, however, no improved varieties for all key production areas and market types, and none of them possess a broad suite of resistant traits. To significantly increase efficiencies of breeding programs, IITA and national partners in the region have...

Read more

Breeding better bananas

  • October 16, 2020

Importance of banana In the highlands of Eastern and Central Africa (ECA), 50% of its permanent cropped area is under highland cooking banana (Matooke and Mchare) cultivation. This represents around half of the total area under banana cultivation across Africa. ECA countries (Burundi, DR Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) produce annually 21 million tonnes of bananas with a value of US$4.3 billion.   Bananas are an indispensable part of life in this region providing up to one fifth of total calorie consumption per capita. Uganda has the highest consumption rates of banana...

Read more

Modernizing the IITA soybean breeding program for enhanced genetic gains

  • October 16, 2020

IITA’s Soybean Improvement Program (ISBP) remains the primary source of improved germplasm for both private and public organizations with over 100 varieties released by partners. The ISBP activities are mainly supported by the USAID (about 75%) and partly by the Soybean Innovation Laboratory and CGIAR Research Program on Grain, Legumes, and Dryland Cereals (GLDC). Increasing the rate of genetic gain through a consistent rate of variety turnover to avoid genetic dilution is the cornerstone of the breeding program. As part of the modernization process, the program focused on: Operationalizing...

Read more

Genome editing: A powerful tool for crop improvement

  • October 16, 2020

The biggest challenge in agriculture is to feed the growing human population, which is projected to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 compared to 7.7 billion in 2019. There is a critical need to close the yield gap in staple crops and enhance food production to feed the world. In Africa, the emphasis should be on root, tubers, and banana rather than on cereals, unlike other parts of the world, as they are the main crops used for staple food and income generation.   To fulfill the increasing demand for food with limited resources, better and efficient ways to produce food are required. Modern...

Read more


istanbul escort escort bayan istanbul escorts escort istanbul bayan escort
Buca eskort
gaziantep rus escort gaziantep anal escort gaziantep üniversiteli escort